ADP (AVERAGE DRAFT POSITION)
ADP stands for Average Draft Position. This is a statistic which tells you the average position a player is drafted at in normal mock drafts. This can and will normally have a decimal point after it. The lower the number the higher the average draft position of the player.
Example: This upcoming year you can expect David Johnson and Le’Veon Bell to have ADPs of around 1 because in several drafts they will be taken first overall. Whereas Andrew Luck going as the 53d overall pick would have an ADP of 53
Owners take turns nominating players, who are then bid on by all owners. Each owner is given a spending limit (or salary cap) to complete their roster. This formula was popular in many early fantasy leagues and is still used today, although a snake/serpentine draft has become the most common way to fill out a roster.
A Cash Game is a style of game on DFS sites. Cash games are games where a large pool of the players win the same prize. 50/50s are the most common style of cash game. See our strategy section for our Cash Game strategy
Ceiling and Floor are terms often used together. Ceiling is a term for a player’s maximum realistic fantasy point total in any given situation. The most points realistically possible for a player to score in any given week is considered their “ceiling”.
Example: Julio Jones Ceiling against a great defense may be 100 yards and a touchdown or 16 points. Julio Jones Ceiling against a bad defense may be 250 yards and 3 touchdowns or 43 points.
Chalk is a term most often used in the DFS world. A “chalk” play or a “chalky” play is a player that is going to be heavily used in DFS in any given week. It is used in place of a player that is going to be commonly used in a week.
Example: If several receivers have tough matchups but Antonio Brown is playing against a bad defense he will most likely be a “chalky play” this week.
This term goes hand in hand with several other terms in this glossary like “fade”, “ownership percentage”, “contrarian”, and “differentiate”. For a good use of all of these terms used together: look under “ownership percentage:
Contrarian is another DFS term. A contrarian move is one that directly contradicts an obvious move for the week. You make a contrarian move to separate yourself from the rest of the pack or to “differentiate”.
Example: Everyone thinks Sammy Watkins and the Bills are going to beat the Dolphins badly this week. To be contrarian you do not put Sammy Watkins in your lineup and instead use the Dolphins Defense. This would be a contrarian play
A depth chart is a chart that shows priority order of player by position. For instance it will show the starting running back, then the backup, then the 3d string, then the 4th string and so on.
Example: Running Back Depth Chart for the Pittsburgh Steelers –
RB1 – Le’Veon Bell
RB2 – Deangelo Williams
RB3 – Fitzgerald Toussaint
RB4 – Karlos Williams
In this chart Le’Veon Bell is the starter, Deangelo Williams is the Backup, Fitzgerald Toussaint is 3d string and Karlos Williams is 4th string.
DFS stands for daily fantasy sports. This term is used for sites like Fanduel and Draftkings. You choose a team for one day and you either win or you lose.
You probably know the meaning of the work differentiate, but in fantasy football context differentiate refers to the way you alter your lineup from other players. Especially in contests with a smaller number of games to choose from, you will need a differentiating player. This is usually a 3d or 4th string wide receiver that has a big day, or a backup running back that outdoes the starter. This only applies in GPP contests with a small game pool. To win one of these you will need a player that sets you apart from the competition.
Maybe the best part of the fantasy year. For most fantasy leagues this is the way players are chosen. There are several different draft styles and several different rules that you can add in to your draft should you choose.
A few common different draft styles: Snake, Linear, and Auction
Releasing a player from your roster back into free agency. Dropping a player will usually allow other fantasy team owners the chance to pick that player up.
DVOA stands for Defense-Adjusted Value Over Average. DVOA is a complicated metric that you can read entire articles on. Simplified DVOA is a statistic that evaluates teams, units, or players on a play by play basis against other teams in the same situations. It takes into account yardage toward first downs, field position, time remaining, score of the game, and many other variables lost in other statistics. It is viewed as a more accurate measurement of a team’s ranking. DVOA is calculated as a percentage that is either positive or negative.
Example: A quarterback with a 27% DVOA is 27% better than the average quarterback. Or a defensive unit that with a -12% DVOA is 12% worse than the average defensive unit.
This is the only type of league where you do not do a traditional draft each year. In this style of league you retain your entire roster from year to year. There is usually a rookie draft for all the players that join the NFL through that year’s NFL Draft. This type of league usually goes on until the same player wins 2 years in a row and then the league ends and you have to start from the beginning.
Faab stands for Free Agent Acquisition Budget. Faab is a system used for the waiver wire. Faab is a blind auction system where each player is given a bank of digital currency to use throughout the year. This currency is not usually real money. Each owner bids on their waiver picks and the highest bid wins. You can certainly bid $0 on players and you can win them that way, but if anyone bids $1 they will get the player instead. You have to be careful not to blow your Faab budget early in the season as it can put a strangle hold on your late season waiver picks.
Fade is another DFS term that refers to not using a
Example: If Mike Evans is expected by experts to be the #1 Wide Receiver in a week, and you do not put him in any of your lineups, you are fading Mike Evans that week.
A fire sale is when a team’s season is lost and they cannot make the playoffs, owners of teams sometimes like to trade away their stud players to boost another team’s chances of winning the championship. This can ruin a league if not set up correctly. To counter this you should have a “Trade Deadline”.
Flex is a position on most rosters. This position can be filled with a wide receiver, a running back, or a tight end. Also see “superflex”
The term flier refers to a player that is very risky or unproven. Most rookies can be referred to as fliers because you don’t have NFL tape to refer to. Players coming back from injury or who have switched teams in free agency are also often referred to as fliers. Last year you could have taken a flier on Kevin White or Michael Thomas.
Floor is the opposite of Ceiling and refers to the worst realistic outcome a player can have in any given week or situation. While in almost any situation a players actual floor is 0, most experts use the term to refer to a players lowest realistic outcome.
Example: If Calvin Johnson is playing the best defense in the NFL his floor may be 35 yards and no touchdowns or 3.5 points. If Calvin Johnson is playing the worst defense in the NFL his floor may be 80 yards and a touchdown or 14 points.
Any player who is currently available on the waiver wire is a Free Agent. This player is currently not on a team. This term is also used by the NFL for any player who is without a team or who’s contract has expired at the end of the year.
Game script is the way a game will play out. It is a prediction of the events in a football game, or the order of scoring, passing and running.
Example: I expect the game script to be that Green Bay get’s a big lead and starts running the ball and the Vikings will have to throw the ball a lot to try to keep up.
GPP stands for Guaranteed Prize Pool. It is used to refer to the big contests on DFS websites. Draftkings millionaire maker and Fanduels Sunday Million are a couple of examples of GPP contests. See our strategy section for our GPP strategy
Drafting the backup for one of your previous draft picks for injury reasons. This is most often done with running backs because of their value and their workload.
Example: if you drafted Ezekiel Elliot and wanted to draft his Handcuff it would be Alfred Morris. If Ezekiel Elliot gets injured, you can immediately plug in Alfred Morris as a starter to fill the hole in your roster.
IDP stands for Individual Defensive Player. This is an uncommon style of scoring. When used it is most often used in place of a team defense. Scoring can vary but typically includes point values for sacks, safeties and interceptions.
This is a roster option that will allow you an extra spot for an injured player. Different rules can apply, but most often a player put into the Injured Reserve or IR slot is unavailable for the next 8 weeks.
This style of league allows you to keep a certain number of players from you team. You get to retain those players for a certain number of years if you choose to. Usually keeping a player means you skip the draft round of the player that you kept. This adds an extra dimension that is very important for balance in a keeper league. For instance if you “keep” Julio Jones – your first round pick then you would not get a first round draft pick in the upcoming draft. However if you “keep” Michael Thomas, who went in the 12th round last year you would skip your 12th round draft pick.
LEAGUE MANAGER ( COMMISSIONER
A league manager or commissioner is the person who runs your fantasy league. It is more important than some might think to choose an appropriate league manager. This person is in charge of league fees, rules, communication, trades and vetoes, and virtually every aspect of making sure your league runs smoothly. It is also important to choose an honest league manager who will not bend the rules to their will. We hear horror stories all the time of league managers who can’t handle the power and will take advantage of the rules in their league.
A Leverage Play is a strategy used to gain an advantage over the rest of the participants in a DFS contest. A leverage play usually involves using one player that is low owned in place of a player that is highly owned in a contest. Usually these players will be on the same team and your advantage is based on 2 things. 1: that the player you used is low owned and will score well. 2: That the player you are using him in place of is highly owned and will score poorly. This means that you get a double benefit. The two player’s outcome’s need to be tied together for it to be a leverage play.
A linear draft is the most similar to the draft style in the NFL Draft. Players are usually given numbers and each round players draft in the same order.
Example: Julio, Odell, Antonio, and Jordy are doing a Fantasy Draft. They get this draft position Julio1, Odell2, Antonio3, and Jordy4. Julio gets the first pick in each round of the draft and Jordy gets the last pick in each round of the draft. This is generally viewed as an unbalanced way to draft.
This is a fake or pretend draft that you can use to figure out your strategy before the season starts. All the major websites including NFL.com and ESPN.com offer mock drafts. This will pair you up with random people around the world to do a practice draft.
Each fantasy football player will be referred to as an “owner” on most fantasy websites. They are the owner of their fantasy team.
Ownership percentage is a stat on DFS websites that shows what percentage of participants used a player in a specific contest. You cannot see ownership percentage until the NFL game containing that player has begun. Some websites offer an ownership percentage prediction.
How To Sound Like A Pro: This week Demarco Murray’s “Ownership Percentage” will be high. Demarco is a “chalky” play this week and I will be “fading” him this week. A “contrarian” play I may use instead is Spencer Ware. I think his “ownership percentage” will be low and using him will “differentiate” me.
The name of your favorite fantasy football podcast obviously!!! Also can be used as a term for an interception run back for a touchdown.
PPR stands for Point Per Reception. This can be any value of points per reception. Any time any player catches a pass they will have that amount of points added to their total for that week. The most common are half point PPR where each reception counts for +.5 points. Fanduel uses a half point PPR format. Or full point PPR where each reception counts for +1 points. DraftKings uses a full point PPR format
A player’s projected score is an estimated score for a player for the upcoming week. Click here to see our fantasy projections.
Punt is used in Fantasy Football to describe throwing away a position in a given week. It is more often used in DFS than in traditional fantasy football, but can be used in both. It refers to using the cheapest possible player at a position knowing that it will be unsuccessful in the hopes that the positives of doing so will out weight the negatives of not doing so.
DFS Example: You don’t think any tight ends are going to have a good week. You decide to “punt the position” and select the cheapest possible tight end that you’ve never even heard of. You do this so that you can have great players at all other positions in your lineup.
Traditional Fantasy Example: Your tight end has a bye week and you need to pick one up off of the waiver wire. You don’t have any players on your team that you want to drop to pick up a tight end though. You decide to punt the tight end position that week and take a 0 from that position so you can keep the rest of your players.
RBBC stands for Running Back By Committee. Running back by committee is a terrible terrible thing. RBBC describes a team situation where a team does not use one feature running back. They split the backfield carries between 2 or more backs. Almost all teams employee some form of RBBC at this point, but this term is usually used for teams who have a 50/50 split or close to it. It is usually very difficult to predict which back will be the most valuable in RBBCs and they should generally be avoided when possible.
Example: Eagles backfield is definitely an RBBC. Ryan Matthews, Darren Sproles, Wendell Smallwood, and Kenjon Barner make up the committee in the backfield. Any one of these backs can be the go to guy and given week.
This is the term used for a list of players on an owner’s team.
Salary Cap is the money available to draft a team on DFS websites. Each player is assigned a value and you have a certain amount of money or a “salary cap” to draft a full team.
Example: On Fanduel most contests have a $60,000 salary cap with which you use to choose players.
Secondary refers to the Cornerbacks, Linebackers, and Safties on a Defense. It is usually used to refer to anyone who will be defending passes.
This style of draft is much more balanced than a linear draft. In this style of draft picks go 1-10 in the first round and then 10-1 in the second. Then 1-10 in the 3d and then 10-1 in the 4th. The order weaves back and forth like a snake.
Example: In this style the first player obviously gets the first pick, but they will not get to draft another player until position 20. Player 10 will have back to back picks at 10 & 11. Player 7 will have picks 7 and 14.
Any player who is going overlooked is referred to as a sleeper. Usually someone drafted in late rounds that will outperform their draft position. The term sleeper is a bit over used at this point. Not many players go un-noticed these days. There will still be a few sleepers and your favorite fantasy football podcast will tell you all about them.
Stack is a fantasy term when you use multiple players from the same team in your lineup. It is most often used with a Quarterback and a Wide Receiver. It is a strategy where one player’s performance affects the performance of another player. For a wide receiver to have a good game a quarterback will have to throw all the passes he catches. So you stack your lineup and use both players. This can also be done with multiple receivers and a quarterback, or a running back and a defense.
Example: Odell Beckham should have a good game tomorrow. I’m going to stack him and put both Eli Manning and Odell Beckham in my lineup. If Odell has 125 yards and 3 touchdowns he has 30.5 points. Eli Manning also has 125 yards and 3 touchdowns, just in passing to Odell Beckham. The passing points are worth 17 points so your stack of those 2 players accounted for 47.5 points. You could also stack an additional wide receiver also.
Example: I expect the Patriots to get a big lead against the Jets and then run the ball to kill the clock. I’m going to use the Patriots Defense and LeGarrette Blount in a stack.
Most rosters are comprised of starters and bench players. The players you choose to put in your “starting lineup” will be the players who’s scores count for you in that week. In most formats bench players do not add to your score.
To stream a position or streaming a position is a term that means jumping from player to player based on matchup at a position. You will usually stream a position if you don’t draft a position or draft that position very late. Usually people will stream Quarterbacks, Tight Ends, Kickers or Defenses. Most commonly people will stream a tight end. When you stream you will make acquisitions from the waiver wire at that position often throughout the season to choose the best available player.
A fantasy stud is exactly what it sounds like. David Johnson is a fantasy stud!
Superflex is a style of roster where your flex can be a wide receiver, a running back, a tight end, or a quarter back. In most superflex style leagues teams will essentially become 2 quarterback teams.
This is an unusual style in which you select an entire teams QB depth chart to the position. This simply avoids a quarterback injury from harming you in any given week.
Any swap of players between fantasy owners is considered a trade. Your league should have an option for trade vetoes by popular vote and should have a trade deadline.
A trade deadline is usually set on a certain date and ends trading between all owners. This is an important league option you should have. A trade deadline prevents players from giving away their entire team when they have nothing to play for. The deadline can be put at any time in the season and will be set at different times for different league formats. Generally speaking the trade deadline usually falls between weeks 10 and 14
Waiver order can be set by several different things. Most commonly waiver order is the inverse of current rankings. This allows the worst teams to get their first choice off of the waiver wire that week. Once they choose a player they go to the back of the line. The line only exists from players who set their picks before the deadline so if only 3 players make “claims” from the waiver wire then those 3 players will get their choices in the inverse order of their standings. If they have second choices they will go 3,2,1 and then if their second choice is still available they will go 3,2,1 again. This can be tricky because in most circumstances you will have to select a player to drop when choosing a player to add. Choose wisely.
The waiver wire refers to the pool of players that are free agents. Usually every Wednesday morning very early the waiver wire choices go through. You will need to set your picks in advance. Set up on Tuesday the players you want to add and drop. This is a crucial part of your fantasy season and you must pay attention to the waiver wire. Normally you will want to add players off of waivers because of injury or breakout. We here at Pick6 will be there to guide you through the process.